International Network of Human Rights | Europe
Réseau International des Droits Humains | Europe
Red Internacional de Derechos Humanos | Europa

Climate justice and biodiversity preservation

What is climate justice?

Climate justice refers to political, ethical, moral or justice-based movements that address the issue of equality in the face of climate disruption.

We are not all equal in the face of the environmental crisis. Populations in the South, peasants, indigenous and Afro-descendant communities, are more severely affected by the consequences of climate change than populations in the North and the richest, who have the capacity to adapt. It is therefore essential to finance change in the countries most at risk, and to support those involved in environmental protection.

Several measures are needed to engage with the countries of the South, notably by changing lifestyles but also by providing aid to the most affected countries, through technical adaptation to climate change, the implementation of a green and sustainable transition and international mechanisms to assist victims with compensation for loss and damage.


Latin America and the Caribbean is a region of great value for global biodiversity, with its two hemispheres, three oceans and diversity of ecosystems ranging from tropical to temperate and arid. The region is home to around 50% of the world’s biodiversity and a third of the world’s freshwater resources, as well as 23% of the planet’s forests, including the Amazon, the world’s largest rainforest, which is shared by eight countries. (OECD et al., 2022[5]). In addition, the territory is home to 660 million people of European, African, Asian, and indigenous origin, whose different cultures and interest in the environment have built a common identity.

Protecting this territory is therefore of the utmost importance in ensuring the planet’s equilibrium and preserving humanity. Yet urban expansion and deforestation are exerting heavy pressure on the environment, leading to a loss of biodiversity and affecting economic activity and people’s livelihoods.

In addition, the region is highly dependent on natural resources and remains one of the most vulnerable to climate change, affecting the region’s economy and people’s livelihoods. The impact of global warming could lead to an explosion in inequality and poverty for the most vulnerable population groups.

Therefore, the governments of LAC countries must mitigate emissions and ensure a climate transition that takes account of the most vulnerable population groups and the protection and sustainable management of ecosystems.

The priorities of RIDHE

  • Encourage a green, fair and sustainable transition for the population.
  • Advocacy for the protection and sustainable and equitable management of natural resources.
  • Advocacy for the preservation of forests and biodiversity.
  • Advocacy for financial and technological support, as well as capacity-building for organizations and actors involved in environmental protection.
  • Advocacy in favor of agroecology for the development of sustainable food sovereignty.
  • Promote the rights of indigenous and Afro-descendant populations concerning access to water, forests and land.